Historically, Toraja had a fabric resist dyeing technique that used rice paste (ma’a cloth) instead of hot wax. Toraja culture is rich with ornamental patterns that later is translated into batik patterns.
Lokcan was the term for ‘silk scarf’ in the north coast of Java during early 20th century. Common patterns are: cotton owers, vines and phoenix which are usually in toast-like brown. Displayed is the Tuban lokcan on hand woven cloth, in indigo.
In the late 1800s, the famed batik artisan Puri Mangkunegara had a batik workshop that was managed by Mrs. van Gentsch Gottlieb. This pattern was one of the patterns that came as a result of the batik center.